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Literacy Toolkit

​Your teachers will use the symbols below to provide feedback on your writing. Circles / underlines (or squiggly underlines) indicate problems with specific words or phrases. Follow the links to relevant helpsheets.

Don't wait for mistakes to happen. Click to download the Complete Literacy Toolkit (ZIP, 5 MB).


​Symbol Meaning​ ​Literacy Toolkit Helpsheets
W/C Word Choice:  This word is not well chosen.  It’s weak, repetitive or misused. Use thesaurus and dictionary CAREFULLY.

REPETITION avoiding it.pdf

see also:
Joey's Thesaurus


(NAS and TLS)

Sentence Construction: This is not a well structured sentence. Read aloud.
Not A Sentence / Too Long Sentence. 

SENTENCES basic rules.pdf

HOWEVER how to punctuate it.pdf

SENTENCES subject verb agreement.pdf

SENTENCES varying word order.pdf

​SP Spelling:  This word is incorrectly spelt.  Use your dictionary to check spelling. Beware of homophones.

SPELLING common errors.pdf

SPELLING rules.pdf

​P Punctuation:  This writing is punctuated incorrectly. 

PUNCTUATION apostrophe.pdf

PUNCTUATION , ; - and :.pdf

PUNCTUATION ? and !.pdf

​TENSE Verb Tense:  Maintain one tense throughout your writing. Use present tense to discuss texts, past tense for historical events. TENSE.pdf                               ​
​AWK ​Your expression does not flow fluently.  It’s awkward. Read aloud and rethink word choice / word order and sentence construction.

SENTENCES basic rules.pdf

SENTENCES subject verb agreement.pdf

SENTENCES varying word order.pdf

​^ Something Left Out:  Poor proof reading means you do not catch careless errors, such as words omitted from your draft.  ​ DRAFTING like you care.pdf
​Co Cohesion problem. The ideas within the paragraph / text do not flow / link correctly.
You need to transition between concepts.

CONNECTIVES for cohesion.pdf

HOWEVER how to punctuate it.pdf

ESSAY basic structure.pdf

​E.g.? Example:  Provide an example as evidence to support this claim. QUOTATIONS.pdf
​D ​You need to develop this idea, either through more detailed analysis or by further explanation. ESSAY basic structure.pdf
​R Repetition of words or ideas. You must vary language / content. ​ REPETITION avoiding it.pdf
​RtT Refer to Thesis. ESSAY basic structure.pdf
→| Indent. Move this text in from the margin. Use tab key. QUOTATIONS.pdf
LC / UC​ ​Capital letters issue. Change the indicated letter to lower or UPPER case. ​
​? or X Check Ideas:  This is wrong or at least doubtful. Your expression is clouded, or you have not checked the facts carefully. ​



​Begin a New Paragraph here.
Begin a New Sentence here. ​
​JUSTIFY Justification in the form of reasons backed by evidence is required to substantiate the point being made. ​
​R/R ​In-text reference required:  The source of your information should be included. APA format is: (author surname, year of publication) ​